Is Russian Land Fertile?

In the world, there are approximately 1.87 billion hectares (hectare is a square with a 100-meter side) of fertile land suitable for agriculture. And Russia ranks fourth in terms of the number of such land plots. The accuracy of the calculations is 92%, and these calculations were carried out using modern satellite equipment.

Russia is among the top five countries with the most fertile agricultural lands. The total area of such land plots is 155.8 million hectares. In percentage terms, areas suitable for agriculture occupy an area of 8.3% of the total world reserves. And this is a huge territory with the impressive potential for business development or investment.

When it comes to black soil reserves, in Russia, they comprise 52% of the total amount of such soil in the world according to statistics. The problem is that a significant part of this land is not being developed, and the demand for environmentally friendly products is constantly growing. Therefore, we propose to find a suitable land plot for you to develop and invest your funds. We will select the land that will definitely be paid back.

Where is the Soil that is Most Suitable for Agricultural Activity in Russia?

In Russia, the Central Black Earth Economic Region is particularly prominent. On this territory, most of the country's black soil is concentrated. It is located in the west and it includes the following regions:

  • Voronezh and Belgorod regions;
  • Lipetsk and Kursk regions;
  • Tambov region.

However, this list does not end there. Along the southern border of the country, there are huge fertile territories, including:

  • Saratov and Orenburg regions;
  • Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories;
  • Sverdlovsk region;
  • Samara and Omsk regions etc.;
  • Altai Territory.

There are many fertile zones with black soil in the Volga region, as well as in the south of Siberia, which includes the Trans-Baikal Territory, Buryatia, and the Irkutsk Region.

And we know exactly where the most profitable and accessible land plots are located. Our experts will select an operating business or help to assess the risks from investments in certain territories. However, first, you need to understand how the soil becomes fertile.

During the Soviet period, there existed a different division of lands, which was done based on economic regions, and not according to the federal districts, as it is today. It better corresponded to the classification of the regions and lands.

  • Central Region (11 regions around Moscow). It included Moscow Region, Bryansk Region, Vladimir Region, Ivanovo Region, Kaluga Region, Kostroma Region, Oryol Region, Ryazan Region, Smolensk Region, Tver Region, Tula Region, and Yaroslavl Region.
  • Central Black Earth Region. It included Belgorod Region, Voronezh Region, Tambov Region, Lipetsk Region, and Kursk region.
  • Volga Region. It included Samara Region, Penza Region, Saratov Region, Astrakhan Region, Ulyanovsk Region, etc.
  • Northwest Region. It included Novgorod Region, as well as Pskov and Leningrad regions.
  • South of Russia. It included Krasnodar Territory, Rostov Region, and Stavropol Territory.
  • Far East.

What are the Criteria for Evaluating Soil Fertility?

There are certain conditions according which the land is recognized as fertile and suitable for agricultural activities. And the higher this value is, the larger the crop yields will be. Apart from that, fertility can be artificial or natural. In general, there can be identified four criteria of such land quality. They are as follows:

  1. 1. Optimum humidity. With frequent droughts, the soil will become dense, and its ability to yield crops will decrease. In such conditions, the process of decomposition of organic matter stops. Excess moisture will cause detrimental and oxygen-free fermentation of residues.
  2. 2. Air cavities and channels. Oxygen helps to convert nitrogen into a processible form, to dissolve phosphorus and potassium, as well as other elements. Without it, worms, insects and even microbes will not survive.
  3. 3. In summer, the soil is colder than air. If its temperature rises, or constantly changes, insects and plant roots will be negatively affected.
  4. 4. The excess of carbonic acid. It is needed to effectively dissolve minerals. With its help, more nutrients are produced in the soil.

When choosing the region with a better land, all the listed nuances should be taken into account. Also, you can entrust the search of the land plot to our experts.